Move to the body of this page
Miniature & small ball bearings

Trouble Symptoms, Causes and Countermeasures

In the event of an abnormality in the equipment incorporating the ball bearing, or damage or breakage of the ball bearing, the cause can be investigated based on the symptoms and conditions. The following shows typical abnormalities and countermeasures.

Abnormal symptoms and conditions

Symptoms and conditions Bearing damage, assumed cause, etc. Damage example Countermeasures
Abnormal sound Continuous sound Raceway brinelling 3 Reviewing handling of bearings, assembling and transporting equipment(whether excessive load or impact load is applied)
Roughness and wear 1 Reviewing lubricant, bearing size, preload and seal
Scratches due to foreign matter in the raceway (indentation 2 Using seal for bearings and reviewing work environment
Fretting 4 Reviewing vibration elimination, packaging and transportation
Electrical arc pitting 6 Insulation: Make the ball ceramic
Component resonance Reviewing dimensions (thickness) and material of components
Variable sound When the ball is scratched Reviewing work environment and work(whether foreign matter is intruding or excessive load is applied)
Biting of foreign matter Using seal for bearings and reviewing work environment
Insufficient preload Reviewing preload amount based on load, rotation conditions, etc.
Rotation failure Does not rotate or rotation is heavy Effect (amount, type) of lubricant (grease) Reviewing grease
Improvement of driving parts (motor parts, etc.) (increase the driving power, etc.)
Foreign matter penetration, adhesive penetration Reviewing usage environment and work methods
Large interference Reviewing fits
Out of lubrication Reviewing lubricants and increasing the amount of grease
Reviewing the grease type and amount
Flaking 8 Checking load and rotation conditions
Selecting a larger bearing
Component contact Reviewing work and design
Heat generation Incorrect grease type and filling amount Reviewing grease
Overload Reviewing load capacity and fits
Short life Unsuitable environment, usage conditions, etc. Reviewing environment and usage conditions
Large vibration and runout Misalignment Reviewing component dimensional tolerance, cleanliness and process
Deformation of track surface Reviewing machining precision (roundness) of shaft or housing
Reviewing adhesives and bonding work
Improper preload Preload reduction Reviewing preload amount based on load, rotation conditions, etc.
Excessive internal clearance Reducing bearing internal clearance
Creep 5 Reviewing fits
Grease leakage Incorrect grease type and filling amount Reviewing grease
Incorrect selection of shield/seal Reviewing shield and seal
Damaged (cracked) resin material Chemical attack 7 Reviewing lubricants, relieving stress and reselecting resin
Excessive interference Reviewing fits
Weld line Reviewing molding conditions and gate position

Note: Damages are numbered in order of frequency of occurrence

Damage example

  • 1 Roughness
  • 2 Scratches due to foreign matter
  • 3 Indentation (brinelling)

    ○: Brineling
  • 4 Fretting

    ○: Fretting
  • 5 Creep
  • 6 Electric corrosion(Arcing)
  • 7 Chemical attack
  • 8 Flaking (peeling due to metal fatigue)

Support / Contact

For product-related inquiries, please contact us using the form below.

Page Top